Episode 056: Daniel J. Tortora, The Anglo-Cherokee War, 1759-1761

Carolina in Crisis

Between 1754 and 1763, North Americans participated in the French and Indian War; a world war Europeans call the Seven Years’ War.

As this world war raged, many South Carolinians, Virginians, Britons, and Cherokee people also fought a war for land, trade, and respect.

Today, we explore the Anglo-Cherokee War with Daniel J. Tortora, author of Carolina in Crisis: Cherokees, Colonists, and Slaves in the American Southeast, 1756-1763.

About the Show

Ben Franklin’s World is a podcast about early American history.

It is a show for people who love history and for those who want to know more about the historical people and events that have impacted and shaped our present-day world.

Each episode features a conversation with an historian who helps us shed light on important people and events in early American history.

Episode Summary

Daniel J. TortoraIn this episode, we explore the Anglo-Cherokee War with Daniel J. Tortora, an Assistant Professor of History at Colby College and author of Carolina in Crisis: Cherokees, Colonists, and Slaves in the American Southeast, 1756-1763.

During our exploration, Daniel reveals what Cherokee and Anglo-American society looked like prior to the French and Indian War; What caused the Anglo-Cherokee War; And, how the British and Cherokee people negotiated peace.

What You’ll Discover

  • Overview of the Anglo-Cherokee War (1759-1761)
  • Whether the Anglo-Cherokee War was part of the French and Indian War
  • The French and Indian War in South Carolina
  • Cherokee society prior to 1754
  • Virginia and South Carolina competition for Cherokee Trade
  • Where North Carolina fit within the Virginia-South Carolina contest for the Cherokee trade
  • South Carolinian society in 1754
  • Disease in Anglo and Cherokee societies
  • Cherokees and slavery
  • Cherokee war culture
  • How the 1758 British campaign against Fort Duquesne soured Anglo-Cherokee relations
  • Participants in the Anglo-Cherokee War
  • Attakullakulla’s role in Anglo-Cherokee relations
  • William Henry Lyttelton’s role in Anglo-Cherokee relations
  • How the British and Cherokee negotiated peace
  • Terms of the British-Cherokee peace treaty
  • How the Anglo-Cherokee War influenced Cherokee views during the American Revolution
  • How African Americans saw opportunities in the Anglo-Cherokee War


Links to People, Places, and Publications

Historic Sites



Time Warp PlainTime Warp Question

In your opinion what might have happened if African American slaves had found a way to join the Cherokee in their war against white South Carolinians? 

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