How did enslaved African and African American women experience slavery?
What were their daily lives like?
And how do historians know as much as they do about enslaved women?
Today, we explore the answers to these questions with Jennifer L. Morgan, a Professor of History and Social and Cultural Analysis at New York University and our guide for an investigation into how historians research history.
About the Series
Doing History episodes will introduce you to historians who will tell you what they know about the past and reveal how they came to their knowledge.
Each episode will air on the last Tuesday of each month in 2016.
This series is part of a partnership between Ben Franklin’s World and the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture.
About the Show
Ben Franklin’s World is a podcast about early American history.
It is a show for people who love history and for those who want to know more about the historical people and events that have impacted and shaped our present-day world.
Each episode features a conversation with a historian who helps us shed light on important people and events in early American history.
In this episode, we investigate how historians research history by exploring the experiences of 17th- and 18th-century enslaved African and African American women. Our guide for this exploration is Jennifer L. Morgan, a Professor of History and Social and Cultural Analysis at New York University.
During our conversation, Jennifer reveals information about the daily lives of enslaved African and African American women; How women’s reproductive capabilities both impacted early American slavery and the way African and African American women experienced slavery; And, how she researches and recovers the lives and experiences of enslaved women.
What You’ll Discover
- The daily lives of enslaved African and African American women in early America
- Differences between the experiences of enslaved men and women
- The impact slavery had on early American women’s lives
- Whether slave owners tried to control the reproductive capabilities of female slaves
- How women impacted the development of slavery
- How Europeans used the bodies of women to mark the boundaries of African and European societies
- How Jennifer started her research for Laboring Women
- Jennifer’s research process and how it has matured
- The role historical questions play in historians’ research
- How historians form historical questions
- How Jennifer chooses archives for her research
- How historians use the internet to research their topics
- How Jennifer researches enslaved women
- How enslaved women experienced motherhood
- The role of objectivity in historians’ research
- How Jennifer handles researching and teaching the emotional and violent topic of slavery
- How being interdisciplinary helps Jennifer think about and find information
- Jennifer’s tips for selecting archives and conducting research
Links to People, Places, and Publications
- Jennifer Morgan
- Jennifer's NYU webpage
- Laboring Women: Reproduction and Gender in New World Slavery
- Jennifer's article, “‘Some Could Suckle over Their Shoulder': Male Travelers, Female Bodies, and the Gendering of Racial Ideology, 1500-1770”
- The National Archives of Great Britain
- Bodleian Library
- Early English Books Online
- The University of the West Indies, Mona
- The Jamaican National Archives
- The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the African. Written by Himself
- Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture
- Episode 64: Brett Rushforth, Native American Slavery in New France
In this Time Warp, we let Jennifer use a time machine.
For the purposes of our investigation on how historians research, if you could travel back in time and ask the people of the past to create a record about the experiences of enslaved African and African American women, what type of record would you ask the people of the past to keep and what information would that record hold?
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